Dhrishtadyumna, also known as Draupada, was the son of Drupada and brother of Draupadi and Shikhandi in the epic Mahabharata. Arjuna, knowing how to do so takes it back. The war fought between the Kaurava Pandavas in Dwaparyuga was a battle of religion and unrighteousness. Along with Kripa and Kritavarma, Ashwatthama plans to attack the Pandavas camp at night. Shocking facts about Ashwathama - Ashwathama was the only one who played an important role in Mahabharat. But it was done. Krishna takes advantage of this unhealthy attachment to kill him. Though an expert in warfare, Dronacharya lives the simple life, with little money or property. It is no where more evident than in the story of Drona, the guru of the Kauravas and the Pandavas. Mahabharata had its shares of namesakes. Hurt and humiliated by Drupada’s words, Drona decided to become Drupada’s equal. Drona married Kripi, twin sister of Kripa. Due to which Ashwatthama became very sad and angry and wanted to take revenge of his father's death from Pandavas. No one killed ashwatthama because he was immortal .It means that he could never be killed by anyone but lord Krishna took out the Mani from his forehead and left him in a very bad condition and ashwatthama got mad after that.Even today there are many stories of ashwatthama living on earth. Ashwatthama ruled the Northern Panchala being subordinate to the rulers of Hastinapura. As the battle continues, Ashwatthama manages to kill King Nila of Mahismati. In grief, Drona disarms himself, and Dhristadyumna beheads the sage Drona. Ashwatthama is trained in the art of warfare along with them.[5]. As a teacher? Ultimately, the gambit works (though the details of it vary depending on the version of the Mahabharata), and Dhristadyumna beheads the grieving sage. An elephant, not a man, called Ashwatthama was killed. Nothing is said in the epic of the relationship between Kripi and Drona. In the din of the war, Drona heard Yudhishtira say, Yes, Ashwatthama is dead. To kill an unarmed man. I am based in Mumbai. Ashwatthama swears to bring Duryodhana revenge, and Duryodhana appoints him as the commander-in-chief. Drupada sent for sages who with their magical powers gave him a son who would not shy away from killing a Brahmin and a daughter who would marry into the Pandava household and divide their family property just as they had divided Panchala. He became a Chiranjivi (immortal) due to a curse given to him by Krishna.[2]. There is affection in Krishna’s behavior. He was the one who changed the end of Kurukshetra War… His story remains mostly unexplored even with a great role in the Kurukshetra War. Drona advises Ashwatthama to win the war using his own strength and not through a blessing. In the Hindu epic the Mahabharata, Ashwathama (Sanskrit: अश्वत्थामा, romanized: Aśvatthāmā) or Drauni is the son of guru Drona and the grandson of the sage Bharadwaja. One who teaches his student everything he knows? Drona we are told was named Drona because he was conceived in a pot (drona in Sanskrit). The Pandavas and Krishna who were away during night, now return to their camp the next day morning. Mahabharata war Uttar is killed on the first day of the war by Shalya. Shantanu, king of Hastinapur, found them exposed in the forest on a clump of grass and took them home. So Drona could be seen as one who broke two rules. In order to find a way out, Krishna suggested Bhima to kill an elephant by name Ashwathama and claim to Drona that he has killed Drona's son Ashwathama. Ashwathama really died" because Yudhishthira knew an elephant named Ashwatthama died really. The students attack Panchala and forcibly divide Drupada’s kingdom into two. Maybe it is an elephant. Dhrishtadyumna killed Drona, the royal guru, when he was meditating which was against the rules of engagement. Although, the Pandavas could not kill Ashwatthama. Krishna hatches a plan for Bhima to kill an elephant by the name Ashwatthama while claiming to Drona it was Drona's son who was dead. He had also killed the powerful Jarasandha after defeating him several times. He won against Karna multiple times in archery and spared his life due to the vow taken by Arjuna. On the 14th day of the war, he kills a division of Rakshasas and Anjanaparvan (son of Ghatotkacha). Krishna hatches a plan for Bhima to kill an elephant by the name Ashwatthama while claiming to Drona it was Drona's son who was dead. This plan of Krishna works as Bhima kills an elephant by the name Ashwathama while claiming it to be the son of Drona. Hearing the news of these events Yudhishthira faints and the Pandavas become inconsolable. Like many other rules of war, this one was also broken. The poor Brahmin did visit Krishna years later. After learning of the deceptive way his father was killed, Ashwatthama becomes filled with wrath and invokes the celestial weapon called the Narayanastra, against the Pandavas. Drona, desperate for some wealth, went to Drupada and reminded him of his promise. Or I can give you daan, charity. The head was cut. In Vedic society, a king’s role was to maintain the caste hierarchy – ensure kings behaved as kings and priests behaved as priests. Duryodhana felt greatly satisfied and avenged at Ashwatthama's ability to do for him what Bhisma, Drona, and Karna could not. He breaks it not because he believes in social equality; he breaks it to teach his erstwhile friend a lesson. Disappointed, Dronacharya quit his weapons and later was then killed by Dhrishtadhyumna. Cut his head off, Krishna instructed Dhristadhyumna, Yudhishtira’s brother-in-law, and commander of the Pandava armies. After this incident, and seeing the plight of Drona, Kripacharya invites Drona to Hastinapur. According to another version of the Mahabharata, Ashwathama purposely kills the sons of the Pandavas to destroy the Kuru clan. [10] Sircar points out that the family legends of the Pallavas speak of an ancestor descending from Ashwatthama and his union with a Naga princess. Perhaps a reading of Drona’s life tells us a lot more about teachers and about people who become teachers. For dharma, said Krishna. What Krishna possesses and Drupada lacks is a generosity of spirit. 49. ... Ashwathama was killed on the battlefield. Everything was motivated by anger. Ashwathama was loyal to Duryodhana and fought for the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra War. The worst crime in Vedic society. Following this plan, Bhima located and killed an elephant named Ashwathama, i.e. Before Dronacharya's death, Ashwatthama visits his father, desiring a blessing of victory that he is denied. How do these influence his teaching? A father’s heart broke. How can Krishna recommend such a dastardly act? Yes, Ashwatthama is dead. But why should we uphold rules when they prop up a society where actions are based on power not love, where the motivation is anger not affection? Ashwathama’s complexity arises due to his final act of revenge in Kurukshetra. Those who try to flee from Ashwatthama's wrath are hacked down by Kripacharya and Kritavarma at the camp's entrances. Drupada is too busy playing king. The now triggered Ashwatthama invokes the Brahmastra against the Pandavas to fulfill the oath of killing them. He decided to check with Yudhishtira, eldest of the Pandavas, a man who had never uttered a lie. Once again the caste hierarchy is broken. 46. Drona had one weakness — Ashwathama, his son who was also a doughty warrior. A Brahmin’s head. Can one respect Drona after this act? This claim finds support in the fact that Kanchipuram was where the Pallavas would dwell, and this was earlier a part of the Naga Kingdom. And the best way to reach me is to drop me a line by using the contact form below. They were raised in the palace along with Bhisma. After hearing this, he will disarm himself in grief. But the teacher is also a man of the world. On the 16th Day of the Mahabharata War, Karna took up the leadership of the Kaurava Army. He lowered his weapons and wept. This is missing in Drupada. ... Ashwathama along with his father Guru Dronacharya fought in the battle of Mahabharat from … Drona promised. The Pandavas spread the rumour of Ashwatthama's death. In effect the elephant is killed and everyone shouts, "Ashwathama is dead, Ashwathama is dead!" His father (Dronacharya) was killed deceptively by the Pandavas. Ashwathama gathered the only other surviving Kaurava warriors- Kritavarma and Kripacharya and attacked the Pandavas camp on the 18th night of the Kurukshetra war. After the terrible death of Dushasana, Ashwatthama suggests Duryodhana to make peace with the Pandavas, keeping in mind the welfare of Hastinapur. It has lots of powerful weapons and they surviving at the end of the war of Mahabharata. [11], A character in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Mahabharata, Book 5 Udyoga Parva, Section CLXVIII, "Mahabharat Mythology: Is Ashwatthama Still Alive Even After so Many Years? If I am your teacher by inspiration, pay my fee. This was the name of the son of Dronacharya also. As the child faced a test of life even before being born, Lord Sri Krishna names him Parikshit (Tested one)and later on succeeds Yudhisthira to become king of Hastinapur. He defeated Bhishma, Drona and Ashwathama multiple times and killed all the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra war. The only person who witnessed the Mahabharat war and is still alive is Ashwathama. Ashvatthama was appointed as the final commander-in-chief of the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra War. Ashvatthama is born with a gem on his forehead which gives him power over all living beings lower than humans; it protects him from hunger, thirst, and fatigue. According to the rules of the war that took place in Kurukshetra, no one was allowed to strike an animal unless it posed a direct threat. Eklavya played a vital role in Mahabharata. In the war to defeat Dronacharya sri krishna planned a clever tactic .On the side of the pandavas there was an elephant by the name Ashwathama.sri krishna told Yudhishthira to spread the rumour that Ashwathama was dead.The elephant was killed and everyone shouted "Ashwathama is dead", Dronacharya heard these words and suspected his lone son Ashwatham was killed in th battle.Gloomy … This difference between Krishna and Drupada is worth noting. Ashwatthama not knowing how to take back the Brahmastra, instead directs the weapon towards the womb of the pregnant Uttara in an attempt to end the lineage of the Pandavas. The Kurukshetra War, also called the Mahabharata War, is a war described in the Hindu epic poem Mahābhārata.The conflict arose from a dynastic succession struggle between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas and Pandavas, for the throne of Hastinapura.It involved several ancient kingdoms participating as allies of the rival groups. He lost interest in the war. Kill him before he learns the truth. However, owing to the darkness, Ashwathama mistakenly kills the five sons of Draupadi instead of the Pandavas. We can interpret this as a tale of a child who was conceived in the forest by a Vedic sage and a forest woman, a tribal woman who followed her heart and was not inhibited by the Vedic rules of marriage. The Pandavas shouted, Ashwatthama is dead. And a further corroboration is that the gotra of the Pālave Maratha family is Bharadwaja (grandfather of Ashwatthama), same as the one which Pallavas have attributed to themselves in their records. We can say that in breaking the code of caste Drona was a revolutionary. Drona went to Parashurama, a renegade Brahmin who knew the art of war. Thinking his son had died, Drona was heartbroken and … This cruel act is justified on grounds that the caste hierarchy had to be respected. His sister was given in marriage to Drona. First, he chose to abandon the peaceful ways of his caste and become a warrior. An Ashwathama had indeed been killed by Bhima, but it was an elephant, not Drona’s son. Drona felt disheartened and become weaponless. This plan of Krishna works as Bhima kills an elephant by the name Ashwathama while claiming it to be the son of Drona. In Kurukshetra war, Pandavas killed the father of Ashwatthama, Drona with one cunning strategic plan which was organized by Lord Krishna and performed by Yudhisthira and Bhima. Ultimately, the gambit works (though the details of it vary depending on the version of the Mahabharata), and Dhristadyumna beheads the grieving sage. Once he did it, in Mahabharat war it was felt that Guru Dornacharya should be killed as he would not allow pandvas to win. He asks both Arjuna and Ashwatthama to take their weapons back. We cannot be friends because friendship exists only between equals. A teacher’s head. Bhima killed an elephant called Ashwatthama. The epic is filled with such occurrences. During the war Ashwatthama left a very terrible weapon to destroy the Pandavas and his army. Bheem killed 99 brothers of Kauravas. He is a Chiranjivi. Second, despite the express wishes of his teacher he sold his knowledge to warriors. Ashwatthama is the son of Dronacharya and Kripi. He ended up upsetting Drona and an enraged Drona took a step that went against the rules of caste which, according to Vedic ideology, had the potential to destroy social order. 47. But he broke this promise soon after by offering to become the teacher of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. Bheema had killed an elephant named Ashwatthama and proclaimed his achievement to Drona, that "Ashwatthama was dead". Perhaps there is more to an action than meets the eye. As a result, Ashvatthama has a difficult childhood, with his family unable to even afford milk. Sanjaya narrates each incident of the Kurukshetra War, fought in 18 days, as and when it happened. Had he just controlled his anger and forgiven his arrogant friend, things would have turned out differently. Dhrishtadyumna was waiting for this situation so he immediately killed Dronacharya. R emember how Krishna planned the killing of Guru Dronacharya, the invincible commander-in-chief of the Kaurava army, in the Mahabharata war? Vyasa Sri Krishna tells Yudhisthira to spread the rumour that Ashwathama is dead! Whose name was ‘Narayan Astra’. Even as some soldiers try and fight back, Ashwatthama remains unharmed due his activated abilities as one of the eleven Rudras. His own father had been killed by a king who had once been his father’s patron. He deceitfully killed them when they were asleep, to please his friend Duryodhana, who wanted to see the Pandavas dead, before breathing his last. [3] It is so called because when he was born he cried like a horse.[4]. This puts fear into the Pandava army, but on Krishna instructions all the troops abandoned their chariots and also lay down all its weapons and surrender it to the weapon. As a … The Pandava Bhima killed an elephant named Ashwatthama. Don’t expect me to treat you differently because we were once friends. Ashwathama was filled with wrath and invoked the celestial weapon called “Narayanastra” against the Pandavas. Thus, Dronacharya becomes the guru of both Pandavas and Kauravas in Hastinapur. He also stands against Arjuna several times, trying to prevent him from reaching Jayadratha, but is eventually defeated by Arjuna. The lie, meticulously engineered by Lord Krishna, changed the fortunes of the dramatis personae of the Mahabharata. © 2020 Devdutt Pattanaik, All Rights Reserved. They were foundlings. Parashurama felt kings were not behaving as kings should. It was against the Kshatriya rules. Drona’s decision must be analyzed carefully. [8], Meanwhile, Krishna goes to the womb of Uttara and on the request of Draupadi and Subhadra saves her child from Brahmshirastra. Following lord Krishna’s advice, they confront Guru Drona that Ashwatthama was killed. Finally, the mighty Droacharya was killed by Dhrishtadyumna, the son of Drupada and brother of Draupadi. When urged by Duryodhana to use the weapon again, desirous of victory, Aswatthama sadly responds that if the weapon is used again, it will turn on its user. Duryodhana taunts and insults him, which greatly angers Ashwatthama, causing friction between Ashwatthama and Duryodhana. I can either give you dakshina, fees for your services. Drona does many years of severe penance to please Lord Shiva in order to obtain a son who possesses the same valiance as Lord Shiva. He promises Duryodhana that he will capture Yudhishthira, but then he repeatedly fails to do so. Bhima killed an elephant called Ashwatthama. Parashurama hated warriors and kings ever since. Kripa became the in-house teacher of Bhisma’s grand nephews, the Kauravas and the Pandavas. And by doing so strikes at the root of the problem. After getting their soldiers to disarm (including Bhima with some difficulty), the astra passes by harmlessly. After the use of Narayanastra, a terrible war between both armies takes place. But is it a right decision? Krishna is governed only by love. With this, Duryodhana breathes his last, and mourning, the three remaining members of the Kaurava army perform the cremation rites. It was the son born from this union, that would have started this dynasty. In this great war, Lord Krishna accepted Mahayodha to be the charioteer of Arjuna. Both Kripi and Kripa were children of another sage Saradwat and another nymph. He has his own aspirations and needs and desires. His sons name was Ashvathama, one among pandvas killed the elephant named also Ashvathama on direction of Lord Krishna and it was declared that Ashvathama has been killed. Thus are born Dhristadhyumna and Draupadi. Sage Vyas, Hanuman, Parashuram, Vibhishana, King Mahabali and Kripacharya complete the list. Yudhishtira hesitated. Dronacharya also hears these words and suspects his lone son is killed Drona becomes the teacher of the Kauravas and Pandavas and asks as fee one half of Drupada’s kingdom. He decided to check with Yudhishtira, eldest of the Pandavas, a man who had never uttered a lie. In this war, Shri Krishna also vowed not to take up arms and weapons. Of the 100 brothers of Kaurava, only Yuyutsu survived the Mahabharata war. Drona in a way is responsible for the cascade of events that leads up to the bloodbath at Kurukshetra. Tell me, said Drona to Yudhishitra, Is my son dead? Later, after Duryodhana is struck down by Bhima and facing death, the last three survivors from the Kaurava side, Ashwatthama, Kripa, and Kritvarma rush to his side. Promise me, you will not share my teachings with the warrior caste, said Parashurama when Drona sought to be his student. In the Mahabharata war, there were many maharathis who were not possible to defeat easily. Ashwathama Killed Dhrishtadyumna : Story : Ashvatthama is a Maharathi[1] who fought on the Kaurava side against the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra War. The deceptive plot of his rumoured death led to the beheading of his grieving father Drona, who was incapacitated while meditating for his son's soul. After reaching the Pandava camp, Ashwathama quietly enters one of the tents. Are his teaching methods a fallout of his own life’s experience? Yet, Krishna showered him with gifts. When he was a child, Krishna too had promised a fellow student,Sudama,half his wealth. Maybe a man, said the eldest Pandava. The Kurukshetra war - the epic contest in the Mahabharata - maybe one of the biggest events in Indian mythology and we've all heard renditions of it pretty much our whole lives. One half is given to their teacher, Drona who appoints his son, Ashwatthama, as king. What are the consequences of such rage? Ashvatthama is born with a gem on his forehead which gives him power over all living beings lower than humans; it protects him from hunger, thirst, and fatigue. I will share my fortune with you, Drupada had once promised Drona. Ashwathama: The last Kuru warlord & Ashwathama: The Elephant; This is probably the most famous namesake, which changed the tide of the war on Pandava’s side. The previous day, their former commander-in-chief, the invincible Dronacharya, had been struck down by cunning and deceit. He refused to believe them. To judge a decision as right or wrong is impossible unless seen in full context. Yuyutsu had fought from Pandavas side. Mahabharata thus teaches us there is more to life than meets the eye. [9], A theory is propounded by historians R. Sathianathaier and D. C. Sircar, with endorsements by Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund and Burton Stein. I have enlisted few and interesting pairs with same name but totally different character. Drona was artificially born in a vessel. Krishna got Bheem to kill an elephant named Ashwathama and spread the rumour about the death of Drona’s son. Ashwathama: “A Great Warrior” Ashwathama is one of the complex and underrated characters in Mahabharata. The Ashwathama elephant that was killed by Bhima belonged to the Pandava army. Overcome with grief and rage, he slaughters most of the Pandava camp in a single night offensive.